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Dussera-Diwali sammelanam is to be held on 21st Dec 2014, near Komuravelly Mallikarjuna swamy temple,Komuravelly.Please contact your zonal members for more details.



 
Sheep Industry Contribute Sheep rearing and wool blankets weaving in other countries it is an industry and considered as farm production equalent to agriculture production. Whereas in this country it is only considered as range production. Sheep are especially adapted to grazing on rough and hilly lands.

1. MANURE:- Sheep are excellent clevers making use of the waste lands and it weeds and convert them in to valuable animal protein and also help to maintain soil fertility. A Sheep provides 0.5 to 0.7 ton of manure to the soil every year which contents twice the quantity of nitrogen and potassium present in cattle manure. As per 2003 Census total no of sheep in A.P alone are 213.76 lakhs and goats are 62.77 lakhs. In the entire country we have about ten crores of sheep and goats.

2. MUTTON:- Sheep provide two different crops the wool and the lamb in a year. These crops Usually come at different seasons in a year, which thus make a good distribution of income to the shepherd. As per Food and Agricultural organization Census a few years back our country got a foreign Currency worth Rs.2300crores by selling lamb mutton to foreign countries in a year. The quantity of mutton depends as feeding the sheep incase the Sheep was fed and nutritious and fattening ration the mutton would be tender and juicy. The supplemental feeding also increases body weight of the sheep and off-sets the feeding costs involved. Sheep require 1 to 2 Kg’s of leguminous hay (fodder) per day depending on their age and body weight. Ground nut, Til or Sun Flower cake has a concentrate food provides protein requirements the lack of proteins in feeds will result in loss of weight and in poor yield of wool.

3. WOOL:- Clipping of wool is alone twice a year. In A.P there were several (130) wool societies in more than 10 Districts. Wollen Blankets are made from the wool of Sheep. Kamballu is the name of wollen Blankets. Wollen Federation of India had identified 14 varieties of wool from which blankets cloths and other sophisticated woolen products these are greater demand in almost all countries of world.

India stands at ninth position in the world with regard to production of wool India produces about 50 thousand tons of wool in a year. Australia stand first with about 7,50,000 tons of wool production in a year the shepherd has to take lot of care to protect them fro diseases. He sheep’s in India weights about 40kg where as in Australia it weight 120kg. She Sheep India weights in a range of 20 to 25 kg where as in Australia, Briton and New Zealand weights about 70 to 75 kg.

This aim can be achieved by judicious selection of a particular breed suitable for that area, the number of Sheep to be maintained for breeding programme a good ram with all derived characters of specific breed is to be selected.

By developing facilities in all the societies with modernized methods, it is possible for us to manufacture improved quality of woolen products and sell them at much higher rate and even Export them to other Countries. Thus the Benefits accrued could be distributed to the shepherds through their societies.

4. LEATHER :- Thousands of Sheep are slaughtered regularly in big cities in District and Mandal headquarters. If the marketing activity is organized in a better way the leather we get as raw material could be tanned and processed to manufacture leather goods have excellent market in the world.

Maintaining Sheep in Concentration Camps is not the natural method like other live stock and is not profitable except under special Circumstances like drought, pregnancy etc.

Microorganisms like Bacteria and Virus are responsible to cause various diseases in sheep. Significant among them are 1. Anthrox. 2. Enterotoxaemia. 3. Pasteurellosis. 4. Sheep Fox. 5. Rinder Pest. 6. Foot and Mouth disease.

SHEEP CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES :- In A.P alone we have about 5000 Co-operative societies A.P Govt. have given reorganization to all these societies duly collecting 20,000 from each. Sheep and Goat Federation in A.P would be helping the Shepherds Wherever Calamities occur, through their societies. Unfortunately the federation has lack of funds and Shepherds are left to the vagaries of weather and wild animals on their sheep. Govt. help is required to be done in this direction to improve the livelihood of Shepherds.

 
17th QUINQUENNIAL LIVESTOCK CENSUS
SL.NO District Sheep Goat Total Livestock
1 SRIKAKULAM
491975
185563
677538
2 VIZIANAGARAM
572943
218384
791327
3 VISAKHAPATNAM
198194
208243
406437
4 EAST GODAVARI
112230
151037
263267
5 WEST GODAVARI
173509
114443
287952
6 KRISHNA
421370
131763
553133
7 GUNTUR
777088
180134
957222
8 PRAKASHAM
1177880
293695
1471575
9 NELLORE
729293
192035
921328
10 CHITTOOR
958492
245855
1204347
11 KADAPA
895087
375280
1270367
12 ANANTHAPUR
1916935
507170
2424105
13 KURNOOL
1149349
386880
1536229
14 MAHABUBNAGAR
3389701
508362
3898063
15 RANGA REDDY
646920
318646
965566
16 HYDERABAD
2057
11841
13898
17 MEDAK
1014231
417727
1431958
18 NIZAMABAD
797468
238539
1036007
19 ADILABAD
520978
339076
860054
20 KARIMNAGAR
1816791
317379
2134170
21 WARANGAL
1018394
288032
1306426
22 KHAMMAM
415985
343126
759111
23 NALGONDA
1817804
453683
2271487
  A.P. TOTAL
21014674
6426893
27441567
 

 


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