Sheep Industry Contribute Sheep rearing
and wool blankets weaving in other countries it is an industry
and considered as farm production equalent to agriculture
production. Whereas in this country it is only considered
as range production. Sheep are especially adapted to grazing
on rough and hilly lands.
1. MANURE:- Sheep are
excellent clevers making use of the waste lands and it weeds
and convert them in to valuable animal protein and also
help to maintain soil fertility. A Sheep provides 0.5 to
0.7 ton of manure to the soil every year which contents
twice the quantity of nitrogen and potassium present in
cattle manure. As per 2003 Census total no of sheep in A.P
alone are 213.76 lakhs and goats are 62.77 lakhs. In the
entire country we have about ten crores of sheep and goats.
2. MUTTON:- Sheep provide
two different crops the wool and the lamb in a year. These
crops Usually come at different seasons in a year, which
thus make a good distribution of income to the shepherd.
As per Food and Agricultural organization Census a few years
back our country got a foreign Currency worth Rs.2300crores
by selling lamb mutton to foreign countries in a year. The
quantity of mutton depends as feeding the sheep incase the
Sheep was fed and nutritious and fattening ration the mutton
would be tender and juicy. The supplemental feeding also
increases body weight of the sheep and off-sets the feeding
costs involved. Sheep require 1 to 2 Kg’s of leguminous
hay (fodder) per day depending on their age and body weight.
Ground nut, Til or Sun Flower cake has a concentrate food
provides protein requirements the lack of proteins in feeds
will result in loss of weight and in poor yield of wool.
3. WOOL:- Clipping of
wool is alone twice a year. In A.P there were several (130)
wool societies in more than 10 Districts. Wollen Blankets
are made from the wool of Sheep. Kamballu is the name of
wollen Blankets. Wollen Federation of India had identified
14 varieties of wool from which blankets cloths and other
sophisticated woolen products these are greater demand in
almost all countries of world.
India stands at ninth position in the world
with regard to production of wool India produces about 50
thousand tons of wool in a year. Australia stand first with
about 7,50,000 tons of wool production in a year the shepherd
has to take lot of care to protect them fro diseases. He
sheep’s in India weights about 40kg where as in Australia
it weight 120kg. She Sheep India weights in a range of 20
to 25 kg where as in Australia, Briton and New Zealand weights
about 70 to 75 kg.
This aim can be achieved by judicious
selection of a particular breed suitable for that area,
the number of Sheep to be maintained for breeding programme
a good ram with all derived characters of specific breed
is to be selected.
By developing facilities in all the societies
with modernized methods, it is possible for us to manufacture
improved quality of woolen products and sell them at much
higher rate and even Export them to other Countries. Thus
the Benefits accrued could be distributed to the shepherds
through their societies.
4. LEATHER :- Thousands
of Sheep are slaughtered regularly in big cities in District
and Mandal headquarters. If the marketing activity is organized
in a better way the leather we get as raw material could
be tanned and processed to manufacture leather goods have
excellent market in the world.
Maintaining Sheep in Concentration Camps
is not the natural method like other live stock and is not
profitable except under special Circumstances like drought,
Microorganisms like Bacteria and Virus
are responsible to cause various diseases in sheep. Significant
among them are 1. Anthrox. 2. Enterotoxaemia. 3. Pasteurellosis.
4. Sheep Fox. 5. Rinder Pest. 6. Foot and Mouth disease.
SHEEP CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES :-
In A.P alone we have about 5000 Co-operative societies A.P
Govt. have given reorganization to all these societies duly
collecting 20,000 from each. Sheep and Goat Federation in
A.P would be helping the Shepherds Wherever Calamities occur,
through their societies. Unfortunately the federation has
lack of funds and Shepherds are left to the vagaries of
weather and wild animals on their sheep. Govt. help is required
to be done in this direction to improve the livelihood of